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Budgeting Carbon for Equity and Sustainability


Hardback - 292 pages

ISBN: 9781844641406

£65.00 $98.00 €78.00

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"Although there is no denial of climate justice, there has been a persistent lack of practical joined-up actions regarding the creation of an international climate institution. However, politicians and academic researchers have been working together to find solutions. This new book is an attempt to put forward constructive approaches to climate security and justice, building upon the inputs from the wide-ranging debates that took place at the CASS Forum on Climate Justice and the Carbon Budget Approach in Beijing (April 2010). The purpose of this prestigious international conference was to construct an international climate regime and to help promote climate justice. It also called on governments, particularly governments in developed countries, to bear the historical responsibility of climate change.

Climate change is a controversial topic worldwide today and the international regime and corresponding actions will inevitably have a lasting and profound influence on the world economy and international politics. At its thirteenth session, held in Bali, Indonesia, at the end of 2007, the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the Bali Action Plan, initiating a new process of negotiations on long-term cooperative actions under the Convention with the goal of reaching international agreements on an international climate regime beyond 2012 at the fifteenth session of the Conference to be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, at the end of 2009. The key factors in the present international climate negotiations are a shared vision of global long-term cooperative actions, mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance, and their core issue is how to reach an agreement for equitable burden-sharing of obligations for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions or allocation of emission entitlements in accordance with the concrete conditions of various countries and to ensure the implementation of such an agreement under an appropriate international regime. As the largest developing country in the world, China plays an important role in international climate negotiations and is under increasing international pressure.

The existing Kyoto Protocol model takes the level of emissions in 1990 as a base and determines the emission reduction obligations of each developed country through negotiation. The findings gathered together in this book break through the fixed pattern of thinking of the Kyoto Protocol and, based on the theory and methodology of the basic carbon emissions needed for human development, studies a carbon budget proposal for global greenhouse gas emission reductions. This proposal not only better embodies the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities” established by the Climate Convention, but will also be able to realize global goals for mid- and long-term emission reductions. It represents a comprehensive proposal for developing a more equitable and more effective international climate regime.

The CASS Forum on Climate Justice and the Carbon Budget Approach in Beijing (April 2010) was organised in association with the Institute for Urban and Environmental Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Konrad Adenauer Foundation and Misereor."

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