Mao Tse-Tung's International Politics theory and Practice
Author: Sun Junjian
Translated by: He Jingjing, Shang Cong
Ebook ISBN: 978-1-84464-487-2
£80 €100 $130
The author presents a very innovative work which has created a precedent for the completely study of Mao Tse-Tung’s theory of international politics. Firstly, the author discusses major viewpoints and principles of rights in international politics studies in mainland China and concludes that a dialectical integration of viewpoints on rights, power and interests should be a better way to look into Mao’s international political theory, which is characterized by human-centered, law-accorded and law-based principles. Secondly, it analyzes the background and theoretical origin of Mao’s international political theory. The author argues that Mao inherited the essence of Chinese traditional culture, borrowed Marxist’ theories, some theories of western international politics and modern western theories of human rights, and combined them in the Chinese context and gradually refined his theories in the later revolutions. Thirdly, based on the illustration of Mao’s major topics towards epoch, power, order and strategy, the author indicates that (1) Mao fully inherited the essence of Lenin’s views that the direction of modern times is the demise of imperialism and the incoming of proletariat’s revolution, and believed that human beings would be liberated by this revolution. More importantly, Mao creatively proposed that peace is another epochal topic besides revolution; (2) in line with the viewpoints of Intelligence Bureau of Workers’ Party, i.e. the international political power was divided into two groups in post-war times, Mao showed that the two groups held two different political values on rights, power and interests and thought that the two systems co-existed in a dialectical way. However, he emphasized the status and the role of ‘Middle Zone’ between the two groups in international power competition. (3) Mao’s principles of nation’s self-determination, nation’s equal status and “five principles of peaceful co-existence are the real basis of a just and rational international political order with an aim to protect nation’s and states’ rights; (4) the goal of Mao’s international political strategy is to maintain world peace and national security of its territory. In addition, the author analyzes Mao’s value orientation towards international politics from the perspective of rights, and concludes that Mao’s values are based on the opposition to the great powers and the protection of nation’s sovereign interests. Finally, the author indicates that Mao’s international politics towards uniting and protecting the weak groups in the international society is of theoretical significance.
Preface Abstract Introduction I Research Background and Research Objects II Literature Review and Significance of this Research III Research Methodology and Framework IV Main Ideas and Findings Chapter One Rights—A Research Perspective of Mao Tse-Tung’s International Political Theory Part 1 The Meaning of Power in International Politics Part 2 Basic Ideas of Power Politics Summary Chapter Two The Origins of Mao Tse-Tung’s International Political Theory Part 1 The World Mao Faced I World Wars, Revolutions and Economic Crises During 1st Half of 20th Century II The Cold War, National Liberation Movements, and 3rd Revolution of Science and Technology Part 2 Status Que of China Mao Faced I A Semi-Colonial and Semi-Feudal Society II An Independent Socialist New China Part 3 The Origins of Mao Tse-Tung’s International Political Theory I Influence of Traditional Chinese Culture II Influence of Contemporary Western Political Thoughts III Influence of Marxism and Leninism Summary Chapter Three Mao’s International Political Theory on Dispensationalism Part 1 Basic Propositions in Mao’s Dispensationalism I Collapse of Imperialism and Emerging of Proletarian Revolutions II Main Themes of the Times: War, Revolution and Peace Part 2 The Pursuit of Human Liberation and the Development Direction of the Times I Inequality of Human Rights v.s. Marxist Thought Concerning the Liberation of Human Beings II Inherited Lenin’s Theory on the Development Direction of the Times Part 3 Imperialist Violation of Human Rights and the Major Causes of the Wars I The Root of World Wars: Imperialist Hegemony II Main Theme of the Times: Violation of Human Rights Caused by the World Wars Part 4 Main Theme of the Times: Oppressed Nation’s Liberation Movements I Badly Encroachment of Human Rights of Colonial and Semi-Colonial Societies by Imperialist Invasions II Main Theme of the Times: Anti-Aggression and Counter-Deprivation Part 5 Main Theme of the Times: Protecting the Right to Existence and Development I Peace: Common Needs of Human Beings for Existence and Development II Maintaining World Peace: an Ideal Which Needs Efforts of Every Nation Summary Chapter Four Mao’s Comparison of International Political Powers Part 1 Basic Propositions in Mao’s Comparison of International Political Powers I Theory of “Two Major Camps” II Theory of “The Middle Ground” III Theory of the “Three Worlds” Part 2 Conflicts of Interests Between Different Countries and the Theory of “Two Major Camps” I Conflicts of Interests Between Countries with Different Systems II “Two Major Camps” and Bipolar Structure of the World Chapter 3 Violation of Interests of “the Middle Ground” and Differentiation and Reorganization of International Political Power I Violation of Interests of “the Middle Ground” and Diversification of World Conflicts II Disintegration of “Two Major Camps” and Emerging of New Powers Part 4 Classification of Three World Powers and Trend of the World’s Multi-Polarization I Struggle Against Hegemonism and the Forming of Various Powers II Classification of Three World Powers and Trend of the World’s Multi-Polarization Summary Chapter Five Mao’s Theory on World Order Part 1 Propositions of Mao’s Theory on World Order I The Principle of National Self-determination II The Principle of National Equality III The Principle of Peaceful Coexistence Part 2 National self-determination rights and The Principle of National self-determination I Legality of National self-determination rights II Respect of National self-determination rights Part 3 National Equality Rights and The Principle of National Equality I Legality of National Equality Rights II Respect of the Principle of National Equality Part 4 Oppose Power Politics and Pursue New World Order of Peaceful Coexistence I Power Politics Causes Injustice World Order II Five Principles of Peaceful Co-Existence: a Commonly Recognized Principle for World Order Summary Chapter Six Mao’s Strategic Theory in International Politics Part 1 Propositions of Mao’s Strategic Theory in International Politics I Objectives of International Strategy II Principles of International Strategy III Methods for International Strategy Part 2 A Complementation of National and International Interests I National Interests and Maintaining World Peace II National Interests and Protecting National Interests Part 3 Stick to Independence and Develop National Power I Independence: a Prerequisite for National Development II Developing National Power: a Basis for Independence and Self-Reliance Part 4 Seeking a Balance Point of Interests and Establishing International United Front of Anti-Imperialism and Anti-Hegemony I World Peace: an Outcome of Unity of International Social Forces II Pursuing a United Front Line of International Anti-Imperialism and Anti-Hegemony: A Necessity for National Security Interests Summary Conclusion Choice of National Interests: Value Orientation of Mao’s International Political Theory I Forms of Value Orientation of Mao’s International Political Theory II Choice of National Interests and Value Orientation of Mao’s International Political Theory Appendix References Postscript
Sun Junjian, PhD of law graduate from Peking University. Now serve as the professor of World history of the faculty of history and culture, Henan University. He also holds many academic positions, such as the director and secretary general of National Association for the Study of International Politics, vice president of Henan Institute of Scientific Socialism and International Politics, etc. He currently serves as the vice president of Henan University, and the academic and technical leader of the international political science department of Henan Provincial Department of Education. His main research fields are international political theory and international relations.