Chronicles on Trade & Culture of the South China Sea



Author: Pan Yiyong

ISBN: 978-1-84464-538-1

Ebook ISBN: 978-1-84464-539-8

Hardback-402 Pages

March 2019


£80 €100 $130






As the cradle of the ancient Maritime Silk Road, the South China Sea plays an important role in the history of Chinese civilization as well as the world’s civilization. Since the South China Sea opened to the outside world as a commercial port in 111 BC, it has experienced ups and downs for more than 2,000 years. With dynasties changing over time, the Chinese South China Sea has undergone dramatic changes and experienced rises and falls along with the economic and cultural development of the Maritime Silk Road. Up till now, the South China Sea is still one of the most active and dynamic regions across China and even the whole world. This book reviews the history and analyzes the current situation and bright future of the South China Sea. In this book, the social, economic, and cultural synthesis in the South China Sea that orients its major activities towards foreign trade and external economic, trade and cultural communication and has come into being from the fusion of maritime civilization with the economy, trade and culture in the Pearl River system region is called South China economic and commercial culture. According to the traditional Chinese values concerning economic and commercial culture and on the basis of the long history of the South China Sea, neither military nor political power has ever been advocated in the region. Consequently, it has been a birthplace of many distinguished businessmen advocating peace and striving to rejuvenate the Chinese nation, but not of many politicians, especially radical revolutionaries like Sun Yat-sen. Therefore, the scope of the book centres around economic, trade and cultural development, which is the starting point and main theme. Political and military aspects have also been covered but are only pursued to the point where they are necessary for illustrating the background.  


Chapter 1: Natural and Social Environment of South China Sea
Section 1 South China Sea’s Natural Geographical Features
Section 2 Exchanges Between South China Sea and Its Bordering Countries
Section 3 South China Sea: Birthplace of Chinese Modernization
Chapter 2: Exploration of Maritime Silk Routes and Economic and Cultural
Developments from The Qin Dynasty (221-206 Bc) To The Southern Dynasties (Ad420-589)
Section 1 The Prefecture and County System of the Qin Dynasty and Feudalization of the South China Sea
Section 2 Ethnic Groups and Economic and Cultural Developments
Section 3 Explorations of Maritime Commerce Routes in The Six Dynasties (Ad222-589)
Section 4 Cultural Developments from The Qin Dynasty to The Southern Dynasties
Chapter 3: Glorious History of Commerce and Culture in The South China Sea In
The Sui-Tang-Five Dynasties Period
Section 1 Development of Lingnan Region in The Sui-Tang Period
Section 2 Maritime Transportation and Trade
Section 3 Establishment of the Customs Administration System
Section 4 The Huang Chao Rebellion and Southern Han Regime
Section 5 The Cultural Development of the Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties in Lingnan Region
Chapter 4: Golden Age of the South China Sea’s Economic and Cultural Development in the Song Dynasty (Ad 960-1234) And Yuan Dynasty (Ad 1271-1368)
Section 1 Establishment of Guangnan East/West Circuitsj
Section 2 Land Ownership System and Agriculture in Lingnan Region in the Song Dynasty
Section 3 Cities and Cottage Industry in The Song Dynasty
Section 4 Favorable Policies of Maritime Commerce
Section 5 The Governance and Effects of Lingnan Circuit by The Yuan Regime
Section 6 Science and Culture in Lingnan Region in The Song-Yuan Period
Chapter 5: The Ming Dynasty (Ad 1368-1644): A Turning Point in The Economic and Cultural Development of the South China Sea
Section 1 Ban On Maritime Trade: The Disastrous Isolationist Policy
Section 2 Economic Developments in The South China Sea in The Tapestry of the Ban on Maritime Trade and Repression of Ethnic Minorities
Section 3 The Prevailing of Tribute Trade, The Falling of Private Ship Trade
Section 4 Immigration in The South China Sea Region and The Development of Nanyang
Section 5 The Thinking Trend of Economy and Trade in The South China Sea in The Ming Dynasty
Chapter 6: South China Sea’s Economic and Cultural Ups and Downs in The Qing
Dynasty (Ad 1644-1911)
 Section 1 Special Foreign Trade Policies of the Qing Government in The South China Sea
Section 2 The Guangzhou Thirteen Factories
Section 3 Structure Change of Imports and Exports
Section 4 Exploration of The South China Sea Islands
Section 5 Economic and Cultural Trends in The Qing Dynasty
Chapter 7: Economic and Cultural Zigzags in The Period of the Republic of China (1912-1949)
Section 1 Economic and Cultural Zigzags in The Period 1911-1949
Section 2 Foreign Trade Policies and Management
Section 3 Impact of Foreign Capital Powers on the Commerce and Culture in South China Sea
Section 4 Trend of Commerce and Culture in The South China Sea in the Period of the Republic of China
Chapter 8: Basic South China Sea’s Economic and Cultural Developments After the Founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949
Section 1 The Canton Fair: Established Against the Trade Embargos Imposed on China
Section 2 The People’s Commune System and The Cultural Revolution Periods of the Great Chinese Famine and Cultural Revolution
Section 3 Abolishment of The People’s Commune System and Comprehensive Implementation of Contracting-Out System and Stock-Holding System
Section 4 The Special Economic Zones: The Starting Place of Guangdong’s Globalized Economy
Section 5 New Culture in Lingnan Popular Around the Country
Section 6 The Prospect of the Pan-Pearl River Cooperation, The Integration and Development of the Economic and Trade Culture in The South China Sea
Section 7 The Latest Economic and Cultural Trends in The South China Sea
Section 8 Conclusion: Challenges and Opportunities


About Author: 

Pan Yiyong, a specialist who firstly put forward the suggestion of reforming China’s household registration system, is a renowned researcher on cultural ecology and institutional economics.



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