Rural Land Reform, Peasants' Rights and the Collective Economy
Title: Rural Land Reform, Peasants' Rights and the Collective Economy:Three Major Issues in China Agricultural Development
Author: Li Zhou, Ren Changqing Translated by Li Yanqing ISBN: 978-1-84464-567-1 Ebook ISBN: 978-1-84464-568-8
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The fact of continuous steady agricultural growth for more than three decades in China shows that, the collective ownership of rural land has flexibility and inclusiveness, its ambiguous negative impact is limited. The constantly improved realization form of collective ownership of rural land facilitates land exchange, transfer and consolidation. The rural land property right reform aims to further improve the property right structure of collective land ownership, the most appropriate method is to manifest the implicit land equity. Stocklization of rural land is helpful to solve the sidelining of agriculture and land fragmentation issues, could increase the flexibility of land occupation and transfer, the efficiency of land utilization and the competitiveness of agriculture. Stock ownership of rural land has strong stability, may be defined by warrants. Management right of rural land is flexible, may be divided and merged, and should be defined by contracts. Rural land transfer is the rational choice of peasants and the result of market allocation of resources, government should not intervene. Government should substitute land planning management system for land acquisition system, bring the decisive role of market allocation of resources into play by establishing an open, competitive, unified and orderly land market. Innovate realization forms for the usufructuary right of peasant house sites and peasant housing property right, set the bottom line for transfer of housing property right, guarantee housing security of the peasants. Rural land transaction system serves some collective economic organizations and peasants, yet rural land protection and management system serves all collective economic organizations and peasant households, so rural land protection and management system should be designed with priority.
1. Insistence on collective ownership of rural land 1.1 The changes of land issues in rural reform 1.1.1 The contracted management right of collective land 1.1.2 Transfer right of the lands contracted by peasant households 1.1.3 Property right of collective land 1.2 Issues in the collective ownership of rural land 1.3 Theoretical basis of insistence on collective ownership of rural land and the suggestions for countermeasures 1.3.1 The reason of collective ownership of rural land 1.3.2 The meaning of collective ownership of rural land 1.3.3 Theoretical explanation of the collective ownership of rural land 1.3.4 Institutional framework for the collective ownership of rural land 1.3.5 Direction of the collective ownership of rural land 1.3.6 Suggestions for countermeasures against adjusting the realization form of collective ownership of rural land 2. Safeguard the peasants’ rights and interests in land according to law 2.1 Evaluation of the policy for rights and interests in rural land 2.1.1 Policy deviation that influences the rights and interests of rural collective economic organizations 2.1.2 Deviation of the peasants’ excessive exercise of rights and interests in land caused by loose management 2.1.3 Evaluation of the government land policy 2.2 Safeguard the peasants’ rights and interests in land according to law 2.2.1 Safeguard collective ownership of rural land according to law 2.2.2 Normalize the behaviors of government and officials according to law 2.2.3 Normalize the behaviors of village cadres according to law 2.2.4 Improve the laws and regulations to safeguard peasants’ rights and interests in land 2.3 Policy suggestions for safeguarding the peasants’ rights and interests in land 2.3.1 Change rural land from physical capital to equity capital 2.3.2 Promote the reform of rural collective land shareholding system 2.3.3 Optimization of macropolicy environment for land system reform 3. Development of collective economy 3.1 The significance of developing collective economy 3.1.1 Analysis of the influencing factors of collective action performance 3.1.2 Analysis on the necessity and possibility of developing rural collective economy 3.1.3 The reason of slow development of rural collective economy 3.1.4 Favorable conditions for the development of collective economy 3.2 Legal status of rural collective economic organizations 3.2.1 Optimize the development environment of collective economic organizations from the improvement of relevant laws and regulations 3.2.2 Quicken the legislation of rural collective economic organizations 3.2.3 Legislative suggestions 3.3 Overall thinking and policy suggestions for the development of rural collective economy 3.3.1 Overall thinking 3.3.2 Policy suggestions 3.3.3 Tendencies to be prevented